Health Informatics Glossary
FACA - The
Advisory Committee Act is a U.S. Law passed in 1972 that governs the
creation and operation of
committees in the executive branch of the Federal Government.
Fair Information Practices See
False Negative - Failing to match two
records that are a true match. Also called the conditional probability
of a negative result, or failing to assert what is true, or more simply,
a miss. For example, failing to match the health record of "Patient 1"
at "Practice A" with the health record of "Patient 6" at "Practice B" by
asserting that they are not the same person when in fact they are. In a
diagnostic test, a false negative is also called a Type II error. See
Type II Error
False Positive - Matching as true two
records that are a false match. Also called the conditional probability
of a positive test, or asserting as true something that is false, or
more simply a "false alarm." For example, matching the health
record of "Patient 1" at "Practice A" with the health record of
"Patient 6" at "Practice B" as if they are the same person when in
fact they are not. In a diagnostic test, a false positive is also
called a Type I error. See
Type I Error
FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions.
FBCA - Federal Bridge Certification
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FCC - Federal Communications Commission.
- The Food and Drug
Administration, a major division of
HHS, is responsible for assuring the
safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs,
biological products, medical devices, the national food supply,
cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.
Feature - Intentional
(or not) computer system functionality. See
Fee For Service -
FEMA - Federal Emergency Management
FERPA - Family Educational Rights and
FFS - Fee-for-service (FFS) is a health
care payment model where services are unbundled and paid for separately.
FFS gives an incentive for physicians to provide more treatments because
payment is dependent on the quantity of care, rather than quality of care.
When patients are shielded from paying (cost-sharing) by health insurance
coverage, they are incentivized to welcome any medical service that might
do some good. The dominant physician payment method in the United States,
FFS raises costs and discourages the efficiencies of integrated care. Many
reform efforts have been attempted to reduce the extreme costs of the FFS
model, including the ACA.
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- The Federal
Health Architecture is a roadmap to a federal health information
technology environment that is interoperable with private sector health
IT systems and that supports better point-of-service care, increased
efficiency and improved overall health in the U.S. population.
- The Federal
Health Information Exchange is a gateway that enables the secure
electronic exchange of patient medical information betwen CHCS, the
DoD's legacy health information system, and VistA, the VA's legacy
health information system.
FIPS - Federal
Information Processing Standards.
Firewall - A security
barrier between a private computer network and the public Internet.
Firewalls can be based on hardware, software, or both.
Security Management Act. See
Five Rights of Medication -
Right patient, right medication, right dose, right time, right
route of administration.
A sophisticated malware information stealer discovered in 2012,
commonly known as Flame, Flamer, or sKyWiper. The package has a modular
structure incorporating multiple propagation and attack techniques. For
example, it employs no zero day exploits, and uses instead an exploit
described as a "god mode cheat code." See
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Free and Open Source
Software is an inclusive term designed to be neutral when
referring to both free software and open source style software
licenses. "Free" specifically refers to the freedom to access the
source code. See
Formulary - A list of medicines that
specifies which ones are approved to be prescribed (i.e., approved
for reimbursement) under a particular health care contract. Health
care insurance plans use formularies to manage costs. Example: the
Key Infrastructure. See
Federally Qualified Health
Free Software - A type of
open source software with strong restrictions against privitization,
published under the General Public License (GPL), which is maintained
by the Free Software Foundation.
FTE - Full Time Equivalent.
FTP - File Transfer Protocol, used to
exchange and manipulate files over a TCP/IP network, such as the
Internet. Defined by RFC 959
FY - Fiscal Year.