Health Informatics Glossary
Advisory Committee Act is a U.S. Law passed in 1972 that governs the creation
and operation of
committees in the executive branch of the Federal Government.
Facility Registry -
Registry (FR) is a sub-community in the OpenHIE
Project. The FR implements a standardized Master Facility List (MFL) and
includes a central authority to collect, manage, store, and share health care
facility data. The FR is a core service that contributes to the IHE profile
Care Services Discovery (CSD). See
Fair Information Practices -
False Negative -
Failing to match two records that are a true match. Also called the conditional
probability of a negative result, or failing to assert what is true, or more
simply, a miss. For example, failing to match the health record of "Patient 1"
at "Practice A" with the health record of "Patient 6" at "Practice B" by
asserting that they are not the same person when in fact they are. In a
diagnostic test, a false negative is also called a Type II error.
Type II Error
False Positive -
Matching as true two records that are a false match. Also called the conditional
probability of a positive result, or asserting as true something that is false.
For example, matching the health record of "Patient 1" at "Practice A" with the
health record of "Patient 6" at "Practice B" as if they are the same person
when in fact they are not. In a diagnostic test, a false positive is also
called a Type I error. See
Type I Error
Frequently Asked Questions.
Bridge Certificate Authority. See
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The Federal Communications Commission
regulates interstate and international communications by radio, television,
wire, satellite and cable US states, the District of Columbia and US
territories. An independent US government agency overseen by Congress, the
commission is the primary authority in the US for communications law and
The Food and Drug Administration, a major
division of HHS, is responsible for assuring
the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological
products, medical devices, the national food supply, cosmetics, and products
that emit radiation. See
Intentional (or not) computer system functionality. See
Fee For Service -
Federal Emergency Management Authority.
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.
Fee-for-service (FFS) is a health care payment model where services are
unbundled and paid for separately. FFS gives an incentive for physicians to
provide more treatments because payment is dependent on the quantity of care,
rather than quality of care. When patients are shielded from paying
(cost-sharing) by health insurance coverage, they are incentivized to welcome
any medical service that might do some good. The dominant physician payment
method in the United States, FFS raises costs and discourages the efficiencies
of integrated care. Many reform efforts have been attempted to reduce the
extreme costs of the FFS model, including the ACA. See
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Health Architecture is a roadmap to a federal health information
technology environment that is interoperable with private sector health IT
systems and that supports better point-of-service care, increased efficiency
and improved overall health in the U.S. population. See
Health Information Exchange is a gateway that enables the secure electronic
exchange of patient medical information betwen CHCS, the DoD's legacy health
information system, and VistA, the VA's legacy health information system.
("Fire") Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources
(FHIR) is a
standards framework created by HL7. FHIR provides support for RESTful
architectures and also seamless exchange of information using messages
The Fair Information
Practice Principles refers to a diverse array of versions of "the
principles" resulting in some ambiguity or lack of specificity. Multiple
versions circulate in commerce, consumer privacy and health care domains.
Federal Information Processing
A security barrier between a private computer network and the public Internet.
Firewalls can be based on hardware, software, or both. There are different
types of firewalls depending on the layer where the communication is taking
place, the layer where the communication is intercepted and the state that is
being traced. Simplified, there are three types of firewall functionality:
packet filters that work on the network layer; stateful filters that work on
the transport layer; and application layer filters. See
Federal Information Security
Management Act. See
Five Rights of Medication -
Right patient, right medication, right dose, right time, right route of
A sophisticated malware information stealer discovered in 2012, commonly known
as Flame, Flamer, or sKyWiper. The package has a modular structure
incorporating multiple propagation and attack techniques. For example, it
employs no zero day exploits, and uses instead an exploit described as a
"god mode cheat code." See
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Free and Open Source
Software is an inclusive term designed to be neutral when
referring to both free software and open source style software
licenses. "Free" specifically refers to the freedom to access the
source code. See
A list of medicines that specifies which ones are approved to be prescribed
(i.e., approved for reimbursement) under a particular health care contract.
Health care insurance plans use formularies to manage costs. Example: the
Key Infrastructure. See
Federally Qualified Health
Free Software -
A type of open source software with strong restrictions against privitization,
published under the General Public License (GPL), which is maintained
by the Free Software Foundation.
Full Time Equivalent.
File Transfer Protocol, used to exchange and manipulate files over a TCP/IP
network, such as the Internet. Defined by
Fiscal Year. See