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Health Informatics Glossary

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FACA   -   The Federal Advisory Committee Act is a U.S. Law passed in 1972 that governs the creation and operation of advisory committees in the executive branch of the Federal Government.   See HITPC, HITSC

Fair Information Practices   See FIPP

False Negative   -   Failing to match two records that are a true match. Also called the conditional probability of a negative result, or failing to assert what is true, or more simply, a miss. For example, failing to match the health record of "Patient 1" at "Practice A" with the health record of "Patient 6" at "Practice B" by asserting that they are not the same person when in fact they are. In a diagnostic test, a false negative is also called a Type II error.   See Disambiguate, Error, Sensitivity, Type II Error

False Positive   -   Matching as true two records that are a false match. Also called the conditional probability of a positive test, or asserting as true something that is false, or more simply a "false alarm." For example, matching the health record of "Patient 1" at "Practice A" with the health record of "Patient 6" at "Practice B" as if they are the same person when in fact they are not. In a diagnostic test, a false positive is also called a Type I error.   See Disambiguate, Error, Specificity, Type I Error

FAQ   -   Frequently Asked Questions.

FBCA   -   Federal Bridge Certification Authority.   See CA, FPKI, PKI

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FCC   -   Federal Communications Commission.

FDA   -   The Food and Drug Administration, a major division of HHS, is responsible for assuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, the national food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation.   See HHS

Feature   -   Intentional (or not) computer system functionality.   See Bug

Fee For Service   -   See FFS

FEMA   -   Federal Emergency Management Authority.

FERPA   -   Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.

FFS   -   Fee-for-service (FFS) is a health care payment model where services are unbundled and paid for separately. FFS gives an incentive for physicians to provide more treatments because payment is dependent on the quantity of care, rather than quality of care. When patients are shielded from paying (cost-sharing) by health insurance coverage, they are incentivized to welcome any medical service that might do some good. The dominant physician payment method in the United States, FFS raises costs and discourages the efficiencies of integrated care. Many reform efforts have been attempted to reduce the extreme costs of the FFS model, including the ACA.   See ACA, CPT, P4P, PQRI

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FHA   -   The Federal Health Architecture is a roadmap to a federal health information technology environment that is interoperable with private sector health IT systems and that supports better point-of-service care, increased efficiency and improved overall health in the U.S. population.   See CONNECT, NIEM, NwHIN, ONC

FHIE   -   The Federal Health Information Exchange is a gateway that enables the secure electronic exchange of patient medical information betwen CHCS, the DoD's legacy health information system, and VistA, the VA's legacy health information system.   See CHCS, VistA

FIPP   -   Fair Information Practice Principles.

FIPS   -   Federal Information Processing Standards.   See NIST

Firewall   -   A security barrier between a private computer network and the public Internet. Firewalls can be based on hardware, software, or both.

FISMA   -   Federal Information Security Management Act.   See NIST

Five Rights of Medication   -   Right patient, right medication, right dose, right time, right route of administration.

Flame   -   A sophisticated malware information stealer discovered in 2012, commonly known as Flame, Flamer, or sKyWiper. The package has a modular structure incorporating multiple propagation and attack techniques. For example, it employs no zero day exploits, and uses instead an exploit described as a "god mode cheat code."   See Malware, Zero Day

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FOSS   -   Free and Open Source Software is an inclusive term designed to be neutral when referring to both free software and open source style software licenses. "Free" specifically refers to the freedom to access the source code.   See Free Software, License, Open Source, Source Code

Formulary   -   A list of medicines that specifies which ones are approved to be prescribed (i.e., approved for reimbursement) under a particular health care contract. Health care insurance plans use formularies to manage costs. Example: the Medi-Cal Formulary

FPKI   -   Federal Public Key Infrastructure.   See CA, CP, FBCA, PKI, X.509

FQHC   -   Federally Qualified Health Center.   See RHC

Free Software   -   A type of open source software with strong restrictions against privitization, published under the General Public License (GPL), which is maintained by the Free Software Foundation.   See FOSS, GPL, Open Source, Source Code

FTE   -   Full Time Equivalent.

FTP   -   File Transfer Protocol, used to exchange and manipulate files over a TCP/IP network, such as the Internet. Defined by RFC 959   See Internet, RFC, SFTP

FY   -   Fiscal Year.   See CY





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Last Update:   25 November 2012